How To Plant A Vegetable Garden

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How To Plant A Vegetable Garden

Backyard Backyard home Ask a query Diagnose an issue Grasp Gardener Bugs Yard and Backyard Yard and Backyard Information Vegetation A to Z Ailments Flowers Fruit Houseplants Bugs Landscaping Lawns Soils and composting Timber and shrubs Greens Watering Weeds Wildlife Business horticulture About Extension horticulture programming Extension > Backyard > Yard and Backyard > Greens > Planting the vegetable garden Planting the vegetable garden Vincent A. Fritz Planting a vegetable garden will not be onerous, however with out cautious planning and correct comply with by, your garden might carry out poorly. Soil preparation Soils shouldn’t be ready for planting when too moist or too dry. If soil sticks to your footwear or shovel, it’s too moist. Press a small quantity of soil in your hand. When the moisture is true, the soil crumbles and breaks into small clumps. Whether it is too moist, it stays molded in a ball. Have your soil examined for the quantity of fertilizer or manure to use earlier than planting. A routine soil check provides info on any lime requirement, phosphorous and potassium wants and estimated nitrogen necessities. For info on soil testing, contact the College Soil Testing Laboratory. Rake or harrow the planting space instantly after tilling or spading. A agency, tremendous seedbed is greatest, notably for small-seeded crops, however packing the soil an excessive amount of may promote crusting of the soil floor and harm rising seedlings. Tilling the soil in late fall facilitates earlier spring planting. Planting early crops Cool season crops You’ll be able to sow early “cool-season” crops similar to lettuce, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and onions instantly after getting ready your garden plot. Mark the rows by stretching a string tightly throughout the realm the place you desire a furrow. Use the nook fringe of a protracted piece of angle iron or aluminum to determine a furrow with a uniform depth. Using a hoe deal with or shovel might create a furrow with variable depths and lead to non-uniform emergence, notably with small seed vegetable crops. You’ll be able to normally sow sandy soils slightly deeper than clay soils. Heat season crops Wait till hazard of frost is previous (mid-to-late Might) earlier than transplanting tomatoes, eggplants, peppers, and related “heat season” crops. Tender crops Cucumbers, pumpkins and watermelons may be seeded earlier by putting scorching caps over the soil one week earlier than planting. This warms the soil and helps these crops germinate extra rapidly. Maintain the recent caps on till the crops emerge and are rising vigorously. Beginning crops inside Heat season crops want a protracted rising season and normally won’t mature if seeded instantly within the garden. Cool season crops should mature earlier than scorching climate. It’s crucial, then, both to begin these crops early inside or to purchase crops at a garden middle or greenhouse. Begin seeds in plastic trays or peat pots which might be 3-4 inches deep. A very good soil combination comprises two elements loam, one half sand, and one half natural matter. Totally combine the soil in a wheelbarrow with a shovel and sift it by a ¼-inch mesh display. Premixed soil mixtures can be found at garden facilities. Fill the transplant tray or peat pots with the soil combination and punctiliously agency the soil alongside the edges. After filling within the depressions, degree the soil to about ¼ inch beneath the highest. Agency the soil evenly. Sow the seed by making a ¼-½ inch gap utilizing a dibble or pencil with a tape mark to maintain the depth constant. Sow 2-3 seeds in every tray cell or peat pot. Begin warm-season crops later than cool-season crops. Peppers and eggplant germinate slowly and needs to be began earlier than tomatoes. Cowl the seeds calmly with sand, screened soil, or vermiculite. Gently water the transplant trays utilizing a tremendous screened waterer to forestall washing the seeds out of the soil. Cowl the transplant tray or peat pots with clear plastic and preserve in a heat room till germination. As quickly because the seedlings seem, take away the plastic cowl and preserve the seedlings in full daylight or instantly underneath fluorescent lights. As soon as the seedlings emerge, skinny to 1 plant and apply a starter fertilizer of 1½ tablespoons of 5-10-5 in 1 gallon of water. Apply roughly ¼ cup of the answer to every seedling each two weeks till transplanting. Rinse the seedlings with water after fertilizing to forestall leaf burn. “Hardening” transplants by shading them for a couple of days outdoors utilizing both a lath home or shade material and barely withholding water (however to not the purpose of wilting) will scale back plant progress delay after transplanting, in any other case often called “transplant shock.” Transplanting Transplant in late afternoon or on a cool, cloudy, calm day. Water crops effectively earlier than transplanting. Lower the soil between the crops with a knife so every plant can separate simply with a considerable root ball connected. Seedlings grown in separate containers may be transplanted with out disturbing the roots. If seedlings are transplanted in peat pots, ensure the highest fringe of the peat pot will not be uncovered above the soil floor or the peat pot will act like a wick and quickly draw the moisture from the foundation ball, stressing the plant. Scrape the dry floor soil from the planting space. With a hand shovel, make a gap giant sufficient to simply obtain the foundation ball of the transplant. Agency the soil across the roots and water with the starter fertilizer resolution. Apply ½ cup per plant at planting time. Transplanted crops could also be set out within the garden per week or two earlier than it might in any other case be secure if scorching caps are used. Take away the caps after the air temperatures get actual heat through the day. If paper scorching caps are used, punch air flow holes within the tops. Excessive temperatures inside the scorching cap can kill younger crops. Planting dates and distances for garden greens Planting dates Planting distances (in inches) Vegetable Begin seed indoors Plant seed or plant open air Between rows, hand cultivated Between crops Depth of seeding (inches) Quantity to order per 20 ft of row “Packet” refers to common commercially- packaged seed packet. Asparagus April 15 – Might 1 (crowns) 36 12 – 18 6 – 8 (crowns) 15 crowns Beans, snap (bush) Might 15 – July 1 18 – 24 3 – 4 1½ – 2 3 – 4 ouncesBeans, snap(pole) Might 15 – July 1 36 4 – 6 1½ – 2 2 – 3 ouncesBeans, dry shell Might 15 18 – 24 3 – 4 1½ 3 – 4 ouncesBeans, lima Might 15 – June 10 18 – 24 4 – 6 1½ 3 – 4 ouncesBeets April 15 – July 1 12 – 18 2 – 4 ½ – 1 1 packet Broccoli March 1 – 15 April 15 or June 1 24 – 30 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 9 crops Brussels sprouts March 1 – 15 April 15 or June 1 24 – 30 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 9 crops Cabbage, early March 1 – 15 April 1 – Might 1 24 – 30 18 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 12 crops Cabbage, late April 15 – Might 1 June 1 24 – 30 24 ¼ (seedbed) 1 packet or 9 crops Cabbage, Chinese language July 1 24 – 30 18 ½ 1 packet Carrots April 15 – June 15 18 – 24 2 – 3 ¼ 1 packet Cauliflower March 1 – 15 April 15 or June 1 24 – 30 18 – 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 12 crops Celery Feb. 15 – March 1 Might 15 18 – 24 8 1/8 (indoors) 1 packet or 24 crops Chard, Swiss Might 1 18 – 24 6 – 8 1 1 packet Collards April 15 24 – 36 6 ¼ 1 packet Cucumbers Might 1 – June 15 48 – 60 12 between single crops; 36 between hills of three 1 1 packet Eggplant March 15 – April 1 June 1 24 – 30 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 9 crops Endive April 15 18 – 24 8 – 12 ½ 1 packet Garlic Oct. 1 – Nov. 1 18 – 24 4 – 6 3 – 4 1 lb of cloves Horseradish April 15 – Might 1 24 – 30 12 – 18 6 (roots) 18 roots Kale April 15 – July 15 18 – 24 12 – 18 ½ 1 packet Kohlrabi April 15 – June 1 or Aug. 1 – 15 18 – 24 6 ½ 1 packet Lettuce, leaf April 15 – June 1 or Aug. 1 – 15 12 – 18 4 – 6 ¼ 1 packet Lettuce, head March 1 – 15 April 15 – Might 1 18 – 24 12 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 18 crops Muskmelon Might 15 – June 1 60 – 72 18 1 1 packet Okra March 15 – April 1 June 1 24 – 36 12 – 15 ½ (indoors) 1 packet Onion seeds April 15 12 – 24 2 ½ 1 packet Onion, transplants Feb. 1 – 15 April 15 12 – 24 2 – 3 ½ (indoors) 1 packet Onion, sets April 15 12 – 24 2 – 3 1 – 2 ½ lb Parsley April 15 – Might 1 12 – 24 4 – 6 ¼ 1 packet Parsnips Might 1 – 15 18 – 24 3 – 4 ½ 1 packet Peas April 10 – Might 15 18 – 24 2 1½ 1 packet Pepper March 15 – April 1 June 1 24 – 36 18 – 24 ½ (indoors) 1 packet or 12 crops Potatoes, Irish April 15 – June 1 24 – 30 12 – 18 4 (each bit) 3 lb seed potatoes Potatoes, candy April 15 (roots) June 1 36 – 48 18 – 24 9 – 12 crops Pumpkin Might 10 – June 1 72 – 96 24 – 36 between single crops; 60 – 72 between hills of three 1 – 2 1 packet Radish April 10 – June 1 or Aug. 1 – 15 6 – 12 1 – 2 ½ 1 packet Rhubarb April 15 – Might 1 36 – 48 36 – 48 5 or 6 crops Rutabaga Might 15 – June 15 18 – 24 8 – 12 ½ 1 packet Spinach April 15 or Aug. 1 – 15 12 – 18 3 – 4 ½ 1 packet Squash, summer time Might 10 – June 1 24 – 36 24 – 36 1 1 packet Squash, winter Might 10 – June 1 72 – 96 24 – 36 between single crops; 60 – 72 between hills of three 1 1 packet Candy corn Might 10 – July 1 30 12 1 – 2 1 packet Tomato April 1 – 15 Might 15 – June 1 24 – 36 36 – 48 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 6 – 8 crops Turnip April 15 or Aug. 1 15 – 18 3 – 4 ½ 1 packet Watermelon Might 15 – June 1 60 – 72 24 – 36 between single crops; 60 – 72 between hills of three ½ 1 packet
how to plant a vegetable garden 1

How To Plant A Vegetable Garden


Extension > Backyard > Yard and Backyard > Greens > Planting the vegetable garden Planting the vegetable garden Vincent A. Fritz Planting a vegetable garden will not be onerous, however with out cautious planning and correct comply with by, your garden might carry out poorly. Soil preparation Soils shouldn’t be ready for planting when too moist or too dry. If soil sticks to your footwear or shovel, it’s too moist. Press a small quantity of soil in your hand. When the moisture is true, the soil crumbles and breaks into small clumps. Whether it is too moist, it stays molded in a ball. Have your soil examined for the quantity of fertilizer or manure to use earlier than planting. A routine soil check provides info on any lime requirement, phosphorous and potassium wants and estimated nitrogen necessities. For info on soil testing, contact the College Soil Testing Laboratory. Rake or harrow the planting space instantly after tilling or spading. A agency, tremendous seedbed is greatest, notably for small-seeded crops, however packing the soil an excessive amount of may promote crusting of the soil floor and harm rising seedlings. Tilling the soil in late fall facilitates earlier spring planting. Planting early crops Cool season crops You’ll be able to sow early “cool-season” crops similar to lettuce, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and onions instantly after getting ready your garden plot. Mark the rows by stretching a string tightly throughout the realm the place you desire a furrow. Use the nook fringe of a protracted piece of angle iron or aluminum to determine a furrow with a uniform depth. Using a hoe deal with or shovel might create a furrow with variable depths and lead to non-uniform emergence, notably with small seed vegetable crops. You’ll be able to normally sow sandy soils slightly deeper than clay soils. Heat season crops Wait till hazard of frost is previous (mid-to-late Might) earlier than transplanting tomatoes, eggplants, peppers, and related “heat season” crops. Tender crops Cucumbers, pumpkins and watermelons may be seeded earlier by putting scorching caps over the soil one week earlier than planting. This warms the soil and helps these crops germinate extra rapidly. Maintain the recent caps on till the crops emerge and are rising vigorously. Beginning crops inside Heat season crops want a protracted rising season and normally won’t mature if seeded instantly within the garden. Cool season crops should mature earlier than scorching climate. It’s crucial, then, both to begin these crops early inside or to purchase crops at a garden middle or greenhouse. Begin seeds in plastic trays or peat pots which might be 3-4 inches deep. A very good soil combination comprises two elements loam, one half sand, and one half natural matter. Totally combine the soil in a wheelbarrow with a shovel and sift it by a ¼-inch mesh display. Premixed soil mixtures can be found at garden facilities. Fill the transplant tray or peat pots with the soil combination and punctiliously agency the soil alongside the edges. After filling within the depressions, degree the soil to about ¼ inch beneath the highest. Agency the soil evenly. Sow the seed by making a ¼-½ inch gap utilizing a dibble or pencil with a tape mark to maintain the depth constant. Sow 2-3 seeds in every tray cell or peat pot. Begin warm-season crops later than cool-season crops. Peppers and eggplant germinate slowly and needs to be began earlier than tomatoes. Cowl the seeds calmly with sand, screened soil, or vermiculite. Gently water the transplant trays utilizing a tremendous screened waterer to forestall washing the seeds out of the soil. Cowl the transplant tray or peat pots with clear plastic and preserve in a heat room till germination. As quickly because the seedlings seem, take away the plastic cowl and preserve the seedlings in full daylight or instantly underneath fluorescent lights. As soon as the seedlings emerge, skinny to 1 plant and apply a starter fertilizer of 1½ tablespoons of 5-10-5 in 1 gallon of water. Apply roughly ¼ cup of the answer to every seedling each two weeks till transplanting. Rinse the seedlings with water after fertilizing to forestall leaf burn. “Hardening” transplants by shading them for a couple of days outdoors utilizing both a lath home or shade material and barely withholding water (however to not the purpose of wilting) will scale back plant progress delay after transplanting, in any other case often called “transplant shock.” Transplanting Transplant in late afternoon or on a cool, cloudy, calm day. Water crops effectively earlier than transplanting. Lower the soil between the crops with a knife so every plant can separate simply with a considerable root ball connected. Seedlings grown in separate containers may be transplanted with out disturbing the roots. If seedlings are transplanted in peat pots, ensure the highest fringe of the peat pot will not be uncovered above the soil floor or the peat pot will act like a wick and quickly draw the moisture from the foundation ball, stressing the plant. Scrape the dry floor soil from the planting space. With a hand shovel, make a gap giant sufficient to simply obtain the foundation ball of the transplant. Agency the soil across the roots and water with the starter fertilizer resolution. Apply ½ cup per plant at planting time. Transplanted crops could also be set out within the garden per week or two earlier than it might in any other case be secure if scorching caps are used. Take away the caps after the air temperatures get actual heat through the day. If paper scorching caps are used, punch air flow holes within the tops. Excessive temperatures inside the scorching cap can kill younger crops. Planting dates and distances for garden greens Planting dates Planting distances (in inches) Vegetable Begin seed indoors Plant seed or plant open air Between rows, hand cultivated Between crops Depth of seeding (inches) Quantity to order per 20 ft of row “Packet” refers to common commercially- packaged seed packet. Asparagus April 15 – Might 1 (crowns) 36 12 – 18 6 – 8 (crowns) 15 crowns Beans, snap (bush) Might 15 – July 1 18 – 24 3 – 4 1½ – 2 3 – 4 ouncesBeans, snap(pole) Might 15 – July 1 36 4 – 6 1½ – 2 2 – 3 ouncesBeans, dry shell Might 15 18 – 24 3 – 4 1½ 3 – 4 ouncesBeans, lima Might 15 – June 10 18 – 24 4 – 6 1½ 3 – 4 ouncesBeets April 15 – July 1 12 – 18 2 – 4 ½ – 1 1 packet Broccoli March 1 – 15 April 15 or June 1 24 – 30 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 9 crops Brussels sprouts March 1 – 15 April 15 or June 1 24 – 30 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 9 crops Cabbage, early March 1 – 15 April 1 – Might 1 24 – 30 18 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 12 crops Cabbage, late April 15 – Might 1 June 1 24 – 30 24 ¼ (seedbed) 1 packet or 9 crops Cabbage, Chinese language July 1 24 – 30 18 ½ 1 packet Carrots April 15 – June 15 18 – 24 2 – 3 ¼ 1 packet Cauliflower March 1 – 15 April 15 or June 1 24 – 30 18 – 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 12 crops Celery Feb. 15 – March 1 Might 15 18 – 24 8 1/8 (indoors) 1 packet or 24 crops Chard, Swiss Might 1 18 – 24 6 – 8 1 1 packet Collards April 15 24 – 36 6 ¼ 1 packet Cucumbers Might 1 – June 15 48 – 60 12 between single crops; 36 between hills of three 1 1 packet Eggplant March 15 – April 1 June 1 24 – 30 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 9 crops Endive April 15 18 – 24 8 – 12 ½ 1 packet Garlic Oct. 1 – Nov. 1 18 – 24 4 – 6 3 – 4 1 lb of cloves Horseradish April 15 – Might 1 24 – 30 12 – 18 6 (roots) 18 roots Kale April 15 – July 15 18 – 24 12 – 18 ½ 1 packet Kohlrabi April 15 – June 1 or Aug. 1 – 15 18 – 24 6 ½ 1 packet Lettuce, leaf April 15 – June 1 or Aug. 1 – 15 12 – 18 4 – 6 ¼ 1 packet Lettuce, head March 1 – 15 April 15 – Might 1 18 – 24 12 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 18 crops Muskmelon Might 15 – June 1 60 – 72 18 1 1 packet Okra March 15 – April 1 June 1 24 – 36 12 – 15 ½ (indoors) 1 packet Onion seeds April 15 12 – 24 2 ½ 1 packet Onion, transplants Feb. 1 – 15 April 15 12 – 24 2 – 3 ½ (indoors) 1 packet Onion, sets April 15 12 – 24 2 – 3 1 – 2 ½ lb Parsley April 15 – Might 1 12 – 24 4 – 6 ¼ 1 packet Parsnips Might 1 – 15 18 – 24 3 – 4 ½ 1 packet Peas April 10 – Might 15 18 – 24 2 1½ 1 packet Pepper March 15 – April 1 June 1 24 – 36 18 – 24 ½ (indoors) 1 packet or 12 crops Potatoes, Irish April 15 – June 1 24 – 30 12 – 18 4 (each bit) 3 lb seed potatoes Potatoes, candy April 15 (roots) June 1 36 – 48 18 – 24 9 – 12 crops Pumpkin Might 10 – June 1 72 – 96 24 – 36 between single crops; 60 – 72 between hills of three 1 – 2 1 packet Radish April 10 – June 1 or Aug. 1 – 15 6 – 12 1 – 2 ½ 1 packet Rhubarb April 15 – Might 1 36 – 48 36 – 48 5 or 6 crops Rutabaga Might 15 – June 15 18 – 24 8 – 12 ½ 1 packet Spinach April 15 or Aug. 1 – 15 12 – 18 3 – 4 ½ 1 packet Squash, summer time Might 10 – June 1 24 – 36 24 – 36 1 1 packet Squash, winter Might 10 – June 1 72 – 96 24 – 36 between single crops; 60 – 72 between hills of three 1 1 packet Candy corn Might 10 – July 1 30 12 1 – 2 1 packet Tomato April 1 – 15 Might 15 – June 1 24 – 36 36 – 48 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 6 – 8 crops Turnip April 15 or Aug. 1 15 – 18 3 – 4 ½ 1 packet Watermelon Might 15 – June 1 60 – 72 24 – 36 between single crops; 60 – 72 between hills of three ½ 1 packet

How To Plant A Vegetable Garden


How To Plant A Vegetable Garden
How To Plant A Vegetable Garden
How To Plant A Vegetable Garden
How To Plant A Vegetable Garden
How To Plant A Vegetable Garden

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